There are many interesting facts about Lupus that still stay unknown to people. This is because it is a complicated disease that is not easily diagnosed. In this strange disease or ailment, the body starts attacking its own cells and tissues. This autoimmune rheumatic disease is known to affect specific parts of the body like the nervous system, kidney, skin, lungs and several other organs. Here we have listed down 5 unique facts about this disease that are not known to many people. Read along and gain knowledge about this strange ailment.
1Whom it affects?
Lupus usually affects people in the age group of 18 to 45 years. Women are 10 times more prone to this disease as compared to men. Men and children may also be affected by this strange disease. The chances of getting Lupus are further increased in case of people belonging to certain races. A study reveals that people belonging to Asian, Hispanic, Afro American and other coloured races are more prone to Lupus compared to the whites.
What are its symptoms?
There are a wide range of symptoms associated with Lupus. The symptoms depend on the part of the body that is affected by the disease. Here are some of the very common symptoms of this disease:
- Pain in the joints similar to the pain in arthritis.
- Rashes on different parts of the body.
- Neurological health problems and similar other problems.
- Problems associated with the functioning of the kidney.
- Improper functioning of the body’s immune system.
How to gauge its severity?
The severity of Lupus is defined based on the significance of the body part it affects and the extent to which it affects. In some cases, Lupus just affects the skin or some minor body parts. In such cases, a conservative treatment method that involves the use of non steroidal drugs works well for the patient. The common drugs used to treat this type of Lupus are Ibuprofen and plaque-nil.
On the other hand, if the ailment is life threatening, immunosuppressive drugs and corticosteroids prove to be a better treatment. The doctor evaluates the patient and tries to gauge the risk and the benefits of the treatment method before fixing the ideal option.
What are the types of Lupus?
Lupus is not of one fixed type and some even claim that each case of Lupus is unique. Yet, Lupus can be broadly classified into 5 unique categories. Here we have mentioned each for your reference:
This variant is known to affect the skin of the patient.
Drug Induced Lupus
Just as the name suggests, this variant of Lupus is a result of some drug that reacts adversely with the body.
Systematic Lupus Erythematosus
This is a type of Lupus that is known to affect joints and other body organs. It is often misunderstood as a case of arthritis.
How it is diagnosed?
Diagnosis of Lupus has always proven to be difficult. This is because the symptoms of each type of Lupus seem to vary from another. Many of the symptoms of Lupus are similar to other rheumatic health problems. That further makes proper diagnosis difficult. The seriousness of the disease is defined based on its symptoms and their severity.
These also decide how the disease needs to be managed.
If this disease is detected early and continuously monitored, then the patient can lead a normal life under medication. Only in rare cases where the disease affects critical parts of the body, it may cause serious implications.
The best way to lead a better life is to take the initial symptoms seriously so that the ailment can be detected early. If you are aware of the above mentioned facts and take necessary steps and proper care, you may lead a healthy life. Knowledge about the ailment is essential so that care may be given on time.